What is GST Return?

Each person registered under the GST Act is required to file online returns and furnish details of sales and purchases with tax paid thereon. Before filing the return, payment of tax payable is mandatory otherwise such returns will be invalid.

Steps for filing GST return:

GST return can be filed in different forms depending upon the nature of transaction and registration.Return Forms that are applicable for Normal Tax payers and their due dates are:

  • Monthly Details of outward supplies in FORM GSTR-1 by the 10th of next month.
  • Monthly Details of inward supplies in FORM GSTR-2 by the 15th of next month.
  • Monthly Filing of Return along with payment of tax due in FORM GSTR-3 by the 20th of next month.
  • Annual Filing of Return in FORM GSTR-9 by 31st December of next financial year.

Types of returns under GST

There are multiple returns under the GST regime. The most common used return will be GSTR 1, 2, 3, 4 & 9. GSTR 1, GSTR 2 & GSTR 3 will be submitted by all businesses on a monthly basis along with GSTR 9 on an annual basis. GSTR 4 is submitted by composition taxpayers on a quarterly basis.

Return/Form Details Filer Frequency Due Date
GSTR – 1 Outward sales by Business Registered Normal Taxpayer Monthly 10th of next month
GSTR – 2 Purchases made by Business Registered Normal Taxpayer Monthly 15th of next month
GSTR – 3 GST Monthly return along with the payment of tax Registered Normal Taxpayer Monthly 20th of next month
GSTR – 4 GST Quarterly return for Composition Taxpayers Composition Taxpayer Quarterly 18th of month next quarter
GSTR – 5 Periodic GST return for Non-Resident Foreign Taxpayer Non-Resident Foreign Taxpayer Monthly 20th of next month
GSTR – 6 Return for Input Service Distributor (ISD) Input Service Distributor Monthly 13th of next month
GSTR – 7 GST Return for TDS Tax Deductor Monthly 10th of next month
GSTR – 8 GST Return for E-commerce Operator E-commerce Operator (Tax Collector) Monthly 10th of next month
GSTR – 9 GST Annual Return Registered Normal Taxpayer Annually 31st Dec of next financial year


Life insurance policies are meant to provide financial sustenance in the event of death, primarily. However, most policies offer additional coverage for disability, accident and various illnesses. Riders usually come at an additional cost although some policies do offer them as part of the primary plan.

Yes, premiums paid are deductible U/S 80C, U/S 80CCC, U/S 80D, U/S 80DD and death benefits are tax exempt U/S 10(10D). This is subject to prevalent provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Yes, these days almost all insurance providers offer online purchase of life insurance. There are various no. of financial services providers offer this option through their websites, where you can compare and choose from a number of providers. The fact that people are increasingly turning to online purchases of life insurance policies signifies how secure the process is. Online purchases offer policyholders of comfort and convenience and in many cases the policies are cheaper since there are no sales agents involved.

Depending on the type of policy chosen, premiums can be paid either in a lump sum or in regular instalments.

Bonuses are offered under participating life policies i.e. policyholders can participate in the profits of the policyholder’s fund. A reversionary bonus is declared as a percentage which applies to the chosen sum assured. Reversionary bonuses can be simple or compounded bonuses. One-off reversionary bonuses are those that are paid out of one-time profits that may not occur again. A terminal bonus is the residual bonus declared on maturity or the policy i.e. if after declaration of all reversionary bonuses, there are still profits accrued to the fund, it may be paid out to the policyholder in the form of a terminal bonus.

Premiums are the amounts paid by the policyholder to the insurance company in order to keep the policy in force.

Under certain plans, insurance companies give policyholders a share in profits. This amount is called a bonus and accrues to the policyholder at no extra cost. It is awarded at certain times during the policy period. Bonus amounts are decided by the company and are paid out in addition to the chosen sum assured. Certain plans guarantee bonus payments.

Riders are specific to certain situations or events whereby the insurer pays the policyholder a certain amount of money when such event occurs. E.g. critical illness or disability rider. They are an additional benefit to a standard policy for higher premiums.

As per IRDA regulations, if a policyholder does not wish to continue his/her policy they can discontinue the same within the first 15 days of buying it and get a refund.

If a policyholder wishes to cancel his/her policy, once in effect, they can surrender it to the insurer and receive the surrender value as a refund. The surrender value is calculated based on premiums paid and how long the policy was in effect. Surrender is usually allowed after a certain period of time.

If, for example, a policy is used to raise a loan, the policy is ‘assigned’ or transferred to the lender. The policy then bears the lender or the ‘assignee’s’ name. Once the loan is repaid the policy can be reassigned or transferred back.

When purchasing a life insurance policy, the most important thing to check is whether or not guaranteed returns will be provided by the plan. You must also keep an eye on the lock-in period, information regarding premium payments, the implications of defaulting on premium payments, the revival conditions, the fees that would be charged for cancelling or surrendering the policy, the availability of a loan facility, etc. Go through the terms and conditions of the policy you wish to purchase and make sure that it meets all your requirements for an affordable cost.

Proposals are key components on insurance and policies are underwritten based on the disclosures made in them. It is essential that you provide only correct disclosures and statements to the insurance company or you will be at risk of rejection of claims.

In case of your unfortunate and untimely demise during the policy term, your nominees will have to furnish such basic documents as the policy bond, the claim form, and the death certificate of the late policyholder. There may be instances wherein the insurance company may also request you to furnish other documents like a post mortem report, a police inquest report, an employer’s certificate, a hospital certificate, a medical attendant’s certificate, etc. The policy bond usually contains all the information associated with the claims process.

Representatives of specific life insurance companies and have the authority to offer advice on any product that is sold by that particular insurance company. All agents who deal with the sale of life insurance policies are registered with the IRDA. All agents also have a basic requirement to pass an examination before undertaking to sell insurance policies. In case you are purchasing an insurance policy through your agent, make sure that you request for his / her authorisation card attained from IRDA.

A non-participating insurance policy is one that does not allow the insured individual to share in the profits made by the company, while a participating policy ensures that an insured individual has the right to share in the profits of the company. However, the dividends or bonuses declared by the insurance company may increase or decline based on the life funds’ investments returns.

The mortality or risk class of an applicant will be calculated based on an underwriting procedure through which the insurance provider can determine whether or not the applicant is a risk worth taking. The risk of death is calculated based on many different factors like the age of the applicant, the sex, medical and personal history, occupation, habits, etc. The decision of the life insurance company to insure the life of an applicant will depend on the details you have mentioned in the application form. Make sure that all the information you enter therein is accurate as inaccurate information has the potential to cause problems at the time of making claims.

Insurance companies provide something called a grace period to customers who are unable to make premium payments on the due date. The period usually spans for 15 to 30 days, and customers who default on their premium payments are expected to pay during this period. Failure to do so will mean that your life insurance policy has lapsed. As a result, you can either reinstate or revive the policy within a predetermined period of time.

Cancellation of policies during the free-look period can be done free of cost. However, in case you wish to cancel your life insurance policy after the free-look period, you will be charged a small fee for the same.

When a life insurance plan has been active for a specified number of years (usually at least five), the policy acquires a cash value. Every life insurance policy has a savings portion called the cash value. The cash value of a life insurance policy adds up when the worth of premium payments made by the policyholder exceeds the cost of insurance. This excess amount is transferred to a cash value account where it accrues interest. In case you choose to surrender the policy, the company will offer you the cash value or surrender value of the policy. However, please note that surrendering an insurance policy prior to the end of the maturity period will make you incur a significant loss.